A solar inverter is a crucial electronic device that plays a major part in a solar system. It converts the electricity produced by the solar PV panels, i.e., DC (direct current) electricity, into AC (alternating current) electricity.
AC electricity is utilised to supply power for domestic applications.
Earlier, these inverters were only box-like devices converting DC power into AC power. But, solar inverters have become more advanced and smart devices now. They can perform various additional functions like data monitoring, utility controls, etc.
Let us explore various aspects of solar inverter 10kva: its features, uses, specifications, and a lot more. Dive in!
Working of a 10Kva Solar Inverter
A solar inverter 10kva takes DC input voltage and gives out AC power supply. This inverter may be a three-phase inverter or have a single-phase output AC supply.
Types of a Solar Inverter 10kva
There are three types of 10Kva solar inverters. Let us learn about them in detail.
- – String Inverters: String inverters are devices that connect to a string of rooftop solar PV modules. There’s one inverter/array.
- – Micro Inverters: These solar inverters are connected directly to an individual solar panel to transform DC power into AC. What we mean is, that there’s 1 inverter/panel. So, if your array has 10 panels, there will be 10 microinverters. Micros are also considerable options for solar panels mounted on complex rooftops. They offer high efficiency; hence, naturally, they’re slightly expensive. But they’re totally worth the price.
- – SolarEdge Optimizer: The SolarEdge Power Optimiser is a solar inverter that is attached to all PV panels in a solar array. It turns each solar panel into a smart panel. Remarkably, by utilising the Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) technology, these power optimisers enhance the power yield of the solar system.
Technologies of 10Kva Solar Inverter Types
Do you know how the solar inverter 10kva functions? Let us understand the technologies that form the foundation of its mechanism.
- – PWM Solar Inverter Technology – The solar inverters that work on PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) technology are known as PWM solar inverters. These inverters give a steady voltage output, irrespective of the load. However, PWM technology has become obsolete now.
- – MPPT Solar Inverter Technology – The MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking) technology solar inverters are currently the best solar inverters in the market. These offer the highest efficiency, ranging from 95% to 97%.
Remarkably, almost all the high-efficiency grid-connected inverters embrace the MPPT technology.
Features of a 10Kva Solar Inverter
Here are some primary features of solar inverter 10kva:
- – The 10Kva Solar inverters are transformerless.
- – The maximum efficiency offered by these inverters is more than 98.3%.
- – These have an ultra-wide input voltage range.
- – 10Kva solar inverters embrace a dual MPPT design having an accurate MPPT algorithm.
- – These solar inverters feature advanced RS 485 and W-R/GPRS (optional) Interface.
- – They have Wi-Fi and a monitoring app along with multiple protection levels for safety.
- – The standard warranty period for a solar inverter 10kva is five years (can be extended up to 10 years).
Product Specifications of Solar Inverter 10kva
The product specifications of 10Kva solar inverters vary with different brands, types, and models available in the market. Here are the most important product specifications of a solar inverter 10kva.
- – Popular Brands: Microtek, Luminous, etc.
- – Technology: Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) or Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT).
- – Type: String, Microinverter, or SolarEdge Optimizer
- – Battery Support: 12V, 24V, 48V, 96V, & 120V
- – Features: Digital Display, Wi-Fi, GPRS, Overcharging protection, etc.
- – Switches: Reset switch for System On/Off and navigation controls.
- – Protection: Short-circuit, Output Over Voltage, Output Over Current, DC Reverse Polarity, Grid Monitoring, Insulation Resistance Monitoring, etc.
- – Warranty: 5 years (can be extended up to 10 years)
Technical Specifications of Solar Inverter 10kva
Let us dive into some technicalities of the 10Kva solar inverters now!
|Maximum Input Voltage (V)||1000|
|Maximum Input DC Voltage Range (V)||200-800|
|Maximum Input Power (KW)||11.5|
|Startup Input Voltage (V)||330|
|Maximum Input Current (A)||18+18|
|MPPT Number or Number of Strings per MPPT||2,2|
|Rated Output Power (KW)||380/400|
|Rated Grid Frequency (Hz)||50|
|Rated AC Grid Voltage (V)||380/400|
|AC Grid Voltage Range (V)||313-470 (Adjustable)|
|Operating Phases||Three Phase|
|Nominal AC Output Current (A)||14.5|
|Maximum AC Output Current (A)||16.7|
|Output Power Factor||0.8 leading ….0.8 lagging|
|Grid Current THD||< 3%|
|DC Injection Current (mA)||< 20|
|Operating Frequency Range (Hz)||47-52|
Price of 10Kva Solar Inverters in India
It is significant to note that the price of a solar inverter accounts for around 25% to 30% of the total cost of the solar array.
Notably, various factors influence the prices of solar inverters, such as inverter technology, efficiency, warranty period, and brand.
The prevailing price range of a 10Kva solar inverter in India is approximately ₹57,000 to ₹63,000.
Difference between 10Kva Solar Inverter and Normal Inverter
One question that many people have is what is the difference between a 10Kva Solar Inverter and a normal inverter? Here are some key differences between both.
|Normal Inverter||Solar Inverter|
|Adding a battery is necessary for a normal inverter, as it does not function without a battery.||A solar inverter can operate with a battery as well as without a battery.|
|It can supply about 230 Volt AC power to the home via the battery when the power fails.||It can supply about 230 Volt AC power to the home from a battery as well as solar panels.|
|An inverter charges the battery from the Grid power.||A solar inverter has a dual facility to charge the battery from Grid Power as well as the solar modules.|
Did you know that any normal inverter can also be converted into a solar inverter via solar conversion kits?
Pros and Cons of 10Kva Solar Inverter
Like any other device, the 10Kva solar inverter also comes with some pros and cons. Let us check them out!
- – It helps in the utilisation of clean and renewable solar energy, thereby reducing the greenhouse effect.
- – In a solar inverter 10Kva, there is no load restriction. In the case of On-Grid inverters, the extra electricity is exported to the grid.
- – A 10Kva solar inverter can be conveniently installed in minimum space.
- – The solar inverter 10kva is an expensive device that constitutes around 25% to 30% of the total solar system cost. However, it justifies the increased price range as its performance is better and so is its warranty.
- – A solar inverter functions efficiently in daylight only.
A solar inverter is one of the significant components of the solar array. It functions to convert solar energy into more useful electrical energy. Due to this fact, a solar inverter is referred to as the brain of a solar array.
A solar inverter 10kva plays a crucial role in a solar system as the energy from the sun cannot be used to directly operate electrical appliances.
Hence, a feasible inverter should be preferred that offers high efficiency and suits your requirement.
Q1. How to install a solar inverter 10kva?
To install a 10Kva solar inverter, you will be required to connect your solar inverter with your batteries.
For this, you have to connect the positive and negative terminals of the battery and inverter.
Q2. What are some considerable factors influencing the purchase of a solar inverter 10kva?
Before buying a solar inverter, you must review the key specifications, including the inverter technology, type, capacity, and max. wattages, warranty, service support, etc.
It is to make sure that your selection duly satisfies all your requirements.
Q3. How many modules are required to be installed with a 10Kva Solar inverter?
To determine the number of modules required to install, you can follow this approach:
For instance, if we select a module of 350 Wp, and the total wattage required is 10 KW (1000 watts), then the total number of modules required is going to be 1000 / 350 = 2.857
Hence, you will require 3 photovoltaic modules in this case.